Monday, 16 September 2019

SAAB Gripen Fighter Jet Specs, Cockpit, and Price

SAAB Gripen Fighter Jet Specs, Cockpit, and Price – SAAB Gripen is a single-engine multi-role fighter aircraft produced by SAAB, Sweden. Gripen was first flown in December 1988 and entered operational service with the Swedish Air Force in 1997. Gripen was the first Swedish production aircraft to be used for interception, ground attack and reconnaissance missions. This aircraft will replace all current variants of the Viggen and Draken fighter aircraft.

Gripen fighter jets combine new capabilities in software-controlled avionics, modern materials, more advanced aerodynamic designs, and machines with fully integrated systems. Gripen was able to fly at supersonic speeds above Mach 1.2 in January 2009 without using an afterburner, thus proving superiority of range and higher fuel savings.

SAAB Gripen Fighter Jet

SAAB Gripen Specs and Variants

Gripen fighter jets are designed with unstable canards. Canards provide high pitch rates and low resistance, allowing the aircraft to fly faster, farther and carry more load.

The combination of the delta wing and Kanard gives Gripen better performance in terms of flying and taking off and landing characters. Avionics which is totally integrated makes this aircraft capable of reprogramming. This aircraft also has an internal electronic warfare device, making it capable of carrying maximum loads without compromising its electronic warfare capabilities.

Gripen is able to take off from the runway along 800 meters. One interesting ability of the Gripen fighter is its ability to land on public roads, which is one of Sweden's defense strategies. Once landing, the aircraft can be refueled and armed again in 10 minutes by 5 ground crews operating from a truck, then Gripen flies back to carry out its mission.

JAS 39A and JAS 39B are early versions of the Gripen fighter jet made by SAAB. JAS 39A is a single seat variant, while JAS 39B is a two-seat variant from Gripen. JAS 39B is equipped with the same avionics and weapons as JAS 39A, with the exception of a gun.

The next development version of the Gripen fighter jet is the JAS 39C and JAS 39D. The JAS 39D is an export standard variant, which was first sent to the Swedish Air Force in September 2002. The JAS 39C has a color cockpit display, on-board oxygen-producing system (OBOGS) and refueling capabilities in flight. Meanwhile JAS 39D is an upgraded version of JAS 39C which has two seats.

The new version of the Gripen fighter jet is Gripen next generation (NG), also developed by SAAB. Gripen NG comes with several interesting features including full interoperability with Nato, high operational tempo, fully digital cockpit with advanced features, network connectivity with multifrequency datalink and modern flight mission systems.

SAAB Gripen Engine

The Gripen fighter jet is powered by a Volvo Aero F414G engine. The engine is able to provide 96 kN thrust (22,000 lb) and is equipped with full authority digital electronic control (FADEC). The digital engine control system automatically monitors engine parameters and starts the backup system if needed. Condition monitoring system registers flight data.

An air-to-air refueling probe is drawn into the aircraft to maintain its aerodynamic profile. The longer flight time achieved by using air-to-air refueling results in pilots requires a greater supply of oxygen, so an installed oxygen generating system (OBOGS) has been installed.

The maximum speed of the Gripen fighter jet is 2,470 km/ hour. The combat radius and ferry range of the aircraft are 800 km and 3,200 km, respectively. The service ceiling is 15,240 m. This aircraft weighs around 5,700 kg and the maximum take-off weight is 14,000 kg.

SAAB Gripen cockpit

SAAB Gripen Cockpit and Avionics

The Gripen cockpit is equipped with a SAAB Avitronics EP-17 series of electronic displays, with three multifunction screens and a 22x28 degree wide-angle head-diffraction display. The central head-down screen provides tactical data superimposed on a computer-generated map. The screens on the left and right provide flight data and target data from the sensor suite.

BAE Systems and SAAB Aerospace, with Denel Cumulus from South Africa, have developed an integrated helmet-mount display (IHMD) system for Gripen, known as Cobra. IHMD is the development of a Striker helmet developed for Eurofighter Typhoon. Cobra installed at Gripen for South Africa. The Swedish Air Force also ordered the system in October 2007.

The flight control system is a digital triplex fly-by-wire system from BAE Astronics and Lockheed Martin. Time-critical system controls (for example, weapons and communications) are grouped in throttle and stick controls for hands-on throttle and stick (HOTAS) operations.

The avionics suite mounted on the Gripen fighter jet, including the EWS 39 electronic war suite, has been ordered by the Swedish Air Force. EWS 39 is an integrated EW system that provides radar alerts, electronic support measures and chaff and flare dispensers.

The Gripen combat aircraft has a VHF/ UHF transmitter and receiver from SAAB Avitronics, and a Thales TSC 2000 friend or enemy identification system. Air-to-air data links allow real-time tactical data exchange within and between cooperating air units . In the role of attack and reconnaissance, data links allow surface data derived from radar to be transferred from one Gripen to a group of attack aircraft that are stealthy from the radar.

SAAB Gripen Sensor

Gripen fighter jets are equipped with a forward-looking infrared sensor (FLIR) and will have an SAAB IR-Otis infrared search and trace system (IRST). Nine Swedish Air Force Gripens have been equipped with SAAB Avitronics modular reconnaissance pods, which include CA270 reconnaissance / optical infrared sensors. The system entered service in 2006.

The Swedish Defense Material Agency awarded SAAB a 400 million four-year contract in April 2010 to develop a modular reconnaissance pod system (MRPS) that will be installed on the Gripen fighter aircraft.

The Ericsson multi-purpose long distance pulse Doppler PS-05 has an air-to-air operating mode that includes remote search, multi-target track-while-scan, multi-priority target tracking, air combat quick search mode, attack assessment and on beyond the middle update visual missile range (BVR).

Air-to-surface modes include remote search/ target identification, dual priority target tracking, high resolution, real beam mapping, air to surface range and Doppler beam sharpening (DBS).

SAAB Gripen specs

SAAB Gripen Weapons

The Gripen fighter jet has seven external hardpoints to carry loads: one at each wingtip, two under each wing and one in the center of the fuselage. Some of the weapons that Gripen can carry, including air-to-air missiles including the MBDA (formerly Matra BAe Dynamics) MICA, Raytheon AIM-120B AMRAAM and Lockheed Martin/ Raytheon Sidewinder AIM-9L (Designation of Swedish Air Force RB74), as well as missiles AIM-120B AMRAAM and Lockheed Martin / Raytheon Sidewinder AIM-9L (Designation of Swedish Air Force RB74) long range SAAB Bofors / MBDA Taurus KEPD 350 with a range of 350 km, has been successfully tested flying at Gripen.

The sidewinder, mounted on the wingtip, is an attack of all aspects, short-range missiles to improve air combat capabilities. Surface-to-surface missiles include SAAB RBS15F anti-ship missiles guided by radar and Raytheon Maverick missiles. In July 2008, Hungarian Air Force fighters successfully tested the Sidewinder air-to-air missile.

Subsequent versions of aircraft for Sweden will be armed with short-range air-to-air Diehl BGT Defense IRIS-T missiles and MBDA Meteors out of visual range (BVR) air-to-air missiles. IRIS-T shipments began in December 2005. In May 2008, South Africa ordered IRIS-T air-to-air missiles to complete its Gripen fleet until the original Denel A Darter missile entered service.

The built-in high-energy 27 mm Mauser pistol can operate in radar-guided automatic aiming mode. Stand-off dispensers are DWF39 from EADS (formerly DaimlerChrysler Aerospace) and Bofors. The Bofors ARAK 70 rocket pod was cleaned for use at Gripen.

SAAB Gripen Price and Orders

The price of the latest SAAB Gripen fighter jet is around US $ 60 Million. In November 1998, the South African Air Force ordered 28 Gripen multi-role aircraft (19 single seats and 9 double seats). Denel Aviation from South Africa will produce part of the center of the aircraft. The first flight was in November 2005 and deliveries began in April 2008 and will end in 2012. Four aircraft were officially handed over to SAAF in September 2008. The fifth flight was delivered in November 2008.

In June 2004, the Czech Republic signed a leasing agreement with the Swedish Government for 14 new Gripens (12 JAS 39C single seats and two JAS 39D two seats) for a period of ten years. The aircraft were delivered between April and August 2005.

In October 2007, Thailand selected Gripen, with the requirement for 12 aircraft to replace F-5B/ E fighters. An agreement to buy the first six Gripens (four 39C planes and two 39D planes was signed in February 2008. The Thai government approved the remaining six Gripens on February 2009. The aircraft will be sent in 2011.

In August 2010, the Thai Government released THB170bn ($ 5.4 billion) from the 2011 fiscal defense budget to buy the second Gripen batch for the Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF).

SAAB will develop an advanced avionics system for the Swedish Armed Forces Gripen fighter aircraft as part of a two-year Skr450m ($ 56 million) contract awarded in May 2010. The avionics system will include computer systems and displays. The first aircraft upgraded with the new avionics system will start operating in 2020.

Saturday, 14 September 2019

HAL Tejas Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price

HAL Tejas Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price – Tejas is a modern single-engine Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) developed by Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and Indian Navy. The Tejas was developed as a one-seat fighter for the IAF, and a two-seat trainer aircraft. The Tejas fighter is produced to replace the MiG series currently operated by the IAF.

The first LCA Demonstrator I aircraft made its first flight in January 2001, with LCA Demonstrator II flying in June 2002. The first flight of the production version of the Tejas was carried out in April 2007, followed by the trainer version first flight in November 2009.

In October 2014, the first series production Tejas (SP1) successfully completed its maiden flight and was handed over to the Indian Air Force in January 2015. The second series production aircraft (SP2) successfully completed its maiden flight in March 2016.

HAL Tejas Fighter Jet

HAL Tejas Specs

Tejas has a compound delta wing planform to achieve weight reduction. The highly adaptable wing design, combined with the mixed wing body, provides high performance and maneuverability has been enhanced by inherent aerodynamic instability. This design allows the aircraft to be integrated with air-to-surface and anti-ship weapons for multirole and multimission capabilities. Naval variants will have additional features to reduce the landing speed of the aircraft carrier and are equipped with retaining hooks for deck recovery.

The Tejas fuselage is made of lightweight construction materials, including aluminum, lithium and titanium alloys, and carbon composites. The wing structure includes parts and composite ribs with carbon fiber reinforced plastic skin. The fuselage has thin walls and integrally rigid structures, which are designed to sustain internal stress without stiffening debonding. It features complex shapes and contours and is built using integral structures on a large scale.

The Tejas fighter aircraft is equipped with a retractable hydraulic tricycle-type landing gear developed by HAL, which envisions two single main wheels, which pull in and two-wheel gears that can be pulled forward and can be pulled back. Titanium half alloy tubes are used for hydraulic power transmission.

HAL Tejas Engine

The Tejas is powered by a General Electric F404-GE-IN20 turbofan engine with full authority digital engine control. The engine is rated to supply 53.9 kN dry thrust and 85 kN thrust with afterburn. The fuel tank is integrated into the fuselage and wings, and an additional 800 liter and 1,200 liter fuel tank can be installed under the fuselage to expand its range. An in-flight refueling probe was also installed on the right side to further expand the range and durability of the Tejas.

The Tejas fighter has a maximum speed of 2,205 km/ h and a maximum altitude of 15,200 m. The distance of the aircraft is 3,000 km. The service ceiling is 16,500 m and the weight is around 5,450 kg, with a maximum take-off weight of 13,500 kg.

HAL Tejas cockpit

HAL Tejas Cockpit and Avionics

The Tejas glass cockpit is equipped with a head-up display (HUD) and two multifunctional displays (MFD), which provide pilots with the necessary information. HUD displays important information needed in close combat situations. Modern avionics systems and effective pilot-vehicle interfaces are installed in the cockpit. The hands on throttle and stick (HOTAS) concept ensures the availability of all flight controls during bad conditions.

Tejas has an integrated digital avionics suite, configured around the MIL-STD-1553B bus system. 32-bit mission (MC) computers can perform mission-oriented calculations, flight management, reconfiguration/ redundancy management, and in-flight system self-tests.

Input from the pilot, inertia and air sensor data are transferred to the control surface actuator via a digital flight control computer (DFCC). The gyro ring-based inertial navigation system (RLG) integrated with the global positioning system (GPS) provides navigation and guidance. The electronic warfare series, which consists of electromagnetic and electro-optical receivers and jammers, provides soft-kill capability to the aircraft.

HAL Tejas Radar

The advanced multimode radar (MMR) track-while-scan feature that is integrated in the Tejas aircraft, allows the aircraft to track multiple targets simultaneously. It also provides ground mapping and shooting capability.

The sensor suite provides threat detection, and low visual signatures that help the aircraft work better in a closed air combat environment. LCA can also be equipped with additional sensors for guidance, navigation and reconnaissance purposes.

HAL Tejas specs

HAL Tejas Weapons

The Tejas fighter has seven hard points for carrying various types of weapons, such as air-to-air missiles, anti-ship missiles, guided rockets and conventional/ backward bombs. The choice of three hard points under each wing and one under the fuselage allows the aircraft to carry various missiles, bombs and rockets.

Air-to-air missiles include Astra BVRAAM, Vympel R-77 and R-73. Air-to-surface missiles are Kh-59ME TV guided guided missiles and Kh-59MK guided laser guided missiles. The GSh-23 23mm twin-barrel cannon was also mounted on the aircraft.

High maneuverability and enhanced handling capability integrated with sophisticated cockpit, digital avionics, and weapons system interface (WSI) provide effective point-and-shoot capabilities with fast turnaround times.

HAL Tejas Price and Orders

The price of the latest HAL Tejas LCA is around US $ 40 Million. IAF ordered 40 Tejas aircraft, including 20 Tejas MK1 and 20 Tejas MK2. The first 20 fighters will be built according to IOC standards and the rest will be built for FOC configuration. The inaugural flight of the Tejas MK2 is done in 2018. The IAF received four Tejas MK1 aircraft in July 2017.

In November 2016, the Indian Defense Acquisition Board (DAC) completed the acquisition of 83 Tejas MK1A variants, bringing the total number of orders to 123.

Thursday, 12 September 2019

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Fulcrum Specs, Cockpit, and Price

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Fulcrum Specs, Cockpit, and Price – The MiG-29SMT is an improved multi-purpose fighter aircraft of the MiG-29 Fulcrum fighter, designed and manufactured by the Russian Aircraft Company MiG (RAC MiG), which is part of JSC United Aircraft Corporation. The first flight of the MiG-29SMT fighter was carried out in April 1998. The first production began in 2004.

The modernized MiG-29SMT (NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) fighter jet is equipped with high-precision air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons to provide high combat efficiency against air, land and sea-based targets. This includes cockpit and avionics enhancements, additional fuel tanks, improved engines and increased arms transport capacity.

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Fulcrum

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Specs

The fuselage structure that has been reinforced by the MiG-29SMT Fulcrum  results in increased flight endurance and longer range. The aircraft has two fixed wings which are swept back with square-cut wingtips. Two vertical stabilizers are mounted at the rear.

Retractable landing gear allows the aircraft to take off and land safely. Meanwhile, the nose landing gear wheel consists of a single two-wheeled bogie, and the two main landing gear wheels each have a single wheel.

Overall, the MiG-29SMT has a length of 17.32 m, a wing span of 11.36 m and a height of 4.73 m. The normal and maximum takeoff weight of each aircraft is 17,000 kg and 22,000 kg.

The aircraft is equipped with retractable refueling probes and different in-flight refueling systems. It can be equipped with additional fuel tanks for more fuel.

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Engine

The MiG-29SMT Fulcrum fighter jet is powered by two RD-33 series 3 turbofan engines. Each engine is capable of producing takeoff thrust of 8,300 kgf (81.4 kN). The maximum speed of the MiG-29SMT is 2,400 km/ h at altitude and 1,500 km/ h near ground.

The MiG-29SMT's flight range is 1,800 km without an external tank. This range can be extended up to 2,400 km with one tank drop. This fighter can reach a maximum distance of more than 5,000 km when it is equipped with three falling tanks and one single refueling in flight.

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT cockpit

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Cockpit and Avionics

The new glass cockpit of the MiG-29SMT fighter aircraft is equipped with a data display system consisting of two multi-color MFD-10-6 multifunctional screens 152 × 203 mm (6 × 8-inch) and throttle and stick control (HOTAS). It also incorporates the INS-GPS navigation system.

The MiG-29SMT is equipped with a Zhuk-ME multi-mode multifunction pulse doppler air radar developed by Phazotron-NIIR. The array of slot antennas mounted on the radar increases the range and recognition of targets compared to previous generation radars. With this radar, the MiG-29SMT is able to track up to ten air targets, while involving four targets simultaneously in air-to-air mode.

The MiG-29SMT fighter has an open architecture mission computer with a multiplex data exchange channel for the integration of various avionics systems, based on operator requirements. Optional equipment includes electronic countermeasures (ECM), radio stations, enhanced infrared search and tracking systems (IRSTS), as well as a variety of identification, friend or foe (IFF) transponders.

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT specs

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Weapons

The MiG-29SMT fighter jet has six external hard points to carry a variety of modern high-precision weapons systems. The MiG-29SMT Fulcrum  fighter jet can be armed with two R-27ER1 (R1), two R-27ET1 (T1) and six medium-range RVV-AE air-to-air missiles; six short-range air-to-air missiles R-73E; four KAB-500Kr/ KAB-500L guided bombs; and the Gsh-301 30 mm internal air gun.

The aircraft also carried two Kh-29TE air-to-surface missiles, two Kh-29L and four Kh-25ML; two Kh-31A anti-ship missiles; and two Kh-31P anti-radar missiles.

Mikoyan MiG-29SMT Price and Orders

The price of the latest Mikoyan MiG-29SMT fighter jet is around US $ 22 Million. Algeria completed contracts for 28 one-seat MiG-29SMT aircraft in March 2006. The MiG RAC sent 15 aircraft in April 2007. The Algerian military refused delivery and canceled the contract in 2008 because of low-quality manufacturing allegations. 28 MiG-29SMT jets rejected by Algeria were sent to the Russian Air Force between 2009 and 2010.

In April 2014, the MiG RAC signed a three-year contract worth more than RUR17bn ($ 473 million) with the Russian Ministry of Defense to send 16 MiG-29SMT aircraft, along with ground support and test equipment, to the Russian Air Force. The first MiG-29SMT fighter aircraft were delivered in January 2016 and the remaining aircraft were delivered at the end of 2016.

Tuesday, 10 September 2019

Shenyang J-11 Fighter Jet Specs, Cockpit, and Price

Shenyang J-11 Fighter Jet Specs, Cockpit, and Price – Shenyang J-11 is a twin-engine multirole fighter aircraft capable of carrying out air superiority and ground attack missions produced by affiliated Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC) of Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). This is the default variant of the Sukhoi Su-27SK fighter (Nato code name: Flanker). J-11 is operated by the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).

The J-11 fighter made its first flight in 1998. SAC launched the J-11B mock-up in 2002. This is an enhanced multirole variant of the J-11. The company sent the first test aircraft to the China Flight Test Establishment (CFTE) for evaluation in 2006.

Shenyang J-11 Fighter Jet

Shenyang J-11 Specs

J-11 fighter jets are designed based on the Su-27SK, the J-11 fuselage is made of titanium and aluminum alloys. The fuselage part integrates the cockpit, radar section and avionics space. The basic J-11 version incorporates components made in Russia. J-11B is built by itself using the same fuselage and equipped with avionics and weapons systems made in China.

Overall, J-11 fighter jets have a length of 21.9 m, wingspan 14.7 m and height 5.9 m. The wing area of ​​the aircraft is 62 m². This aircraft has a maximum take-off weight of 33,000 kg.

Shenyang J-11 Engine

J-11 fighter jet is powered by two Taulang Lyulka AL-31F turbofan engines or TaiHang FWS-10A. Each engine is capable of producing 75.22 kN/ 89.17 kN thrust and 123 kN/ 132 kN afterburner thrust.

Shenyang J-11 has a maximum speed of 2,900 km/ h (Mach 2.35) and a range of 3,530 km. The maximum flight speed at sea level without weapons and external stores is 1,400 km/ hour. The aircraft can fly at a maximum height of 19,000 m. It has a climbing rate of 300 m/ s.

Shenyang J-11 cockpit

Shenyang J-11 Cockpit and Avionics

The glass cockpit of the J-11 fighter aircraft accommodates a single pilot. It is equipped with a multifunctional multi-color display (MFD), head-up display (HUD), helmet-mounted sight (HMS) and an original digital flight control system.

The J-11 avionics suite integrates the IFF interrogator system, attitude and crown reference systems, automatic direction finders, electro-optical search and tracking systems, INS/ GPS navigation systems, fire control radars and original multifunctional pulse Doppler radars. The onboard automatic monitoring system includes an early warning system, flight information recording system and emergency situation warning equipment.

Shenyang J-11 specs

Shenyang J-11 Weapons

Shenyang J-11 fighter aircraft are equipped with ten hard points capable of carrying a variety of missiles, including air-to-air missiles guided by PL-12, PL-9 short-range, homing-infrared air-to-air missiles (AAM) ), PL-8 air-to-air missiles, medium-range Vympel R-77 air-to-air missiles, Vympel R-27 long-range air-to-air missiles and Vympel R-27 short-range missiles and short-range Vympel R-73 missiles missile into the air.

J-11 can also be armed with a 30 mm GSh-30-1 cannon. The PL-12 guiding system carries high-explosive fragmentation warheads for a maximum range of 100 km. This aircraft also carries a targeted rocket launcher and a clustered bulk bomb.

The electronic defense or countering system above J-11 includes radar warning receivers, chaff and flare discharge systems and radio interference transmitters.

Shenyang J-11 Price and Orders

The price of the latest Shenyang J-11 fighter jet is around US $ 30 Million. Sukhoi and SAC signed a $ 2.5 billion contract for joint production of 200 Su-27SK aircraft as J-11 in February 1996. As part of this contract, Sukhoi was responsible for supplying components to assemble aircraft at SAC.

Sunday, 8 September 2019

Hongdu L-15B Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price

Hongdu L-15B Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price – Hongdu L-15B is a new twin-seat combat trainer developed by the Hongdu Aviation Industry Group (HAIG), part of the China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC), for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). This is an advanced variant of the L-15 supersonic trainer / attack aircraft.

HAIG presented a mock-up from the L-15B trainer at Zhuhai Airshow which was held in November 2016. The trainer was inaugurated by HAIG at its headquarters in Nanchang, China, in May. L-15B combat training aircraft can carry out advanced training, primary combat training (LIFT), air defense, and air-to-ground attack missions.

Hongdu L-15B combat trainer

Hongdu L-15B Specs

The L-15B jet trainer is equipped with a mixed wing body configuration and a medium aspect ratio with leading edge for improved aerodynamic performance. Empennage includes a single vertical tail and a horizontal full motion tail.

The L-15B aircraft is equipped with a retractable three wheel landing gear wheel, including a single nose wheel unit and two main wheel units. Overall the L-15B aircraft has a length of 12.4 m and a height of 4.7 m, a wingspan of 9.4 m, and a maximum takeoff weight of 11.6 t.

With a design life of 10,000 hours, this trainer aircraft offers superior flight performance and safety, a wide operating envelope, and a high cost efficiency ratio.

Hongdu L-15B Engine

The L-15B jet trainer is powered by two Ivchenko Progress AI-222-25F turbofan engines with afterburners. The machine is equipped with a full authority digital engine control system (FADEC).

The maximum speed of the L-15B combat trainer is Mach 1.4. This aircraft has an operational range of 2,600 km, which can be extended by integration of a fuel drop tank.

Hongdu L-15B cockpit

Hongdu L-15B Cockpit and Avionics

The sophisticated glass cockpit of the L-15B jjet trainer has a head-to-top display for the front cockpit, a head-to-bottom display for the rear cockpit. Both cockpits are equipped with multi-color screens and hands-on-throttle-and-stick flight control (HOTAS). It accommodates two crew members, including a student pilot in the front seat and an instructor in the back in a tandem layout.

The modern cockpit of the L-15B is covered by a large glass canopy and offers pilots superior space, comfort and a field of view. The aircraft is also equipped with a digital three-axis fly-by wire system, which allows pilots to simulate flight characteristics of some of the most modern fighter jets.

The advanced avionics suite of the L-15B jet trainer ensures student pilots to handle the complex digital cockpit of modern Chinese fighters. The nose of the aircraft is equipped with an electronically scanned radar array (PESA). The PESA X-band radar can guide air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles to a maximum range of 111 km.

The L-15B jet trainer integrates a radar warning receiver (RWR) in a vertical stabilizer. The nose also features a fin antenna for friend or foe identification systems (IFF). It can also be equipped with a special electronic warfare pod.

Hongdu L-15B specs

Hongdu L-15B Weapons System

The fighter version of the L-15B aircraft can carry a 3,500 kg weapons load at nine hard-points. Each wing has three hard points, while each wing tip accommodates one hard point. Under the fuselage also has a hard point for transporting weapons.

L-15B fighter aircraft can be armed with a variety of weapon systems such as PL-10 infrared-homing, short range, air-to-air missiles, active PL-12, radar guided, out of visual range, air-to-air missiles, and PL missiles -8 infrared-guided, short-range, air-to-air, as well as LT-2 lasers and precision-guided LS-6 bombs.

Hongdu L-15B Price

The price of the latest Hongdu L-15B jet trainer is US $ 15 Million.

Friday, 6 September 2019

FTC-2000G Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price

FTC-2000G Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price – The FTC-2000G is an advanced multi-role trainer/ combat aircraft designed and manufactured by Guizhou Aviation Industry Corporation (GAIC) under the auspices of aerospace and state-owned defense company China Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). This aircraft is an export variant of the Guizhou JL-9 (FTC-2000) trainer/ fighter aircraft, which operates with the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). The FTC-2000G jet trainer made its first flight in September 2018.

The FTC-2000G jet trainer offers a variety of capabilities to operators and can seamlessly switch between the role of fighter jets and coach aircraft based on mission requirements. This aircraft can be used to conduct pilot flight training, air surveillance, patrol missions, reconnaissance, electronic warfare, close air support, and air escort missions.

The FTC-2000G jet trainer combines training capabilities with attack and battle capabilities to offer a strong platform for military forces on the battlefield. It can replace existing second generation aircraft such as F-7 fighter jets, A-5 aircraft, Alpha Jet, and FT-7 trainer aircraft.

FTC-2000G jet trainer

FTC-2000G Specs

The FTC-2000G fuselage design is based on the FTC-2000 aircraft. The wings of the aircraft are mounted low into the extended plane. The stabilizing structure of the tail assembly is mounted on the fuselage in a conventional manner. The sharp nose of the FTC-2000G and aerodynamic features further enhance the aircraft's performance during strong winds and bad weather conditions.

The landing feature of the FTC-2000G jet trainer is a tricycle that can be pulled with a gear unit. A single wheel is placed under the nose and two other wheels are placed under the fuselage. Overall the FTC-2000G jet trainer has an overall length and height of fixed wing aircraft of 15.4 m and 4.8 m respectively, while the wingspan is around 10 m.

FTC-2000G specs

FTC-2000G Engine

The FTC-2000G jet trainer is powered by the latest generation of advanced Guizhou Liyang WP-13 engines. The maximum speed of the FTC-2000G that can be reached is 1,470 km/ h (1.2 Mach). It can reach a maximum distance of 1,650 km without additional air and fuel supply. The aircraft can stay in the air for more than two hours while conducting air operations.

The FTC-2000G jet trainer can operate at a maximum altitude of 15 km. This fighter trainer aircraft has landing speeds and takeoff speeds of 210 km/ h and 230 km/ h, respectively. The aircraft can operate at low speeds and low altitudes in high transonic regions. 410 m running distance for smooth take-off and 580 m for landing. It has a normal take-off weight of 8,000 kg and a maximum take-off weight of 11,000 kg.

FTC-2000G Cockpit and Avionics

The FTC-2000G jet trainer cockpit accommodates two crew members in tandem seating arrangements. The cockpit is covered by a two-piece glass canopy. Large and transparent aircraft canopies offer a clear view of the environment and increase pilot situational awareness. This aircraft is equipped with a modern avionics suite, including modern radar equipment, communication devices, and fire control systems.

FTC-2000G weapon

FTC-2000G Weapons System

The fighter version of the FTC-2000G aircraft integrates up to seven hard points under the wings and fuselage parts to accommodate various ammunition. It also features a surveillance pod and electronic warfare equipment to participate in the desired mission. This aircraft can be armed with missiles, rockets and bombs. It has the capacity to carry up to 3 tons of weaponry in one operation.

FTC-2000G Price

The price of the latest FTC-2000G jet trainer is around US $ 8.5 Million.

Wednesday, 4 September 2019

Calidus B-250 Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price

Calidus B-250 Specs, Engine, Cockpit, and Price – The Calidus B-250 is a next-generation attack/ trainer aircraft developed by Calidus in collaboration with Brazilian companies Novaer, Rockwell Collins and Pratt & Whitney Canada. It was specifically designed to serve the needs of light combat and air force training throughout the world. Calidus launches B-250 aircraft at Dubai Airshow in November 2017.

The B-250 military trainer aircraft can support counterattack operations, reconnaissance, and search and rescue (SAR) operations. It can further simulate close air support (CAS), and environmental intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions during combat training activities.

The B-250 program was launched in 2015 and the first prototype was developed within a period of 25 months, completing its maiden flight in July 2017. Calidus plans to build manufacturing facilities in Al Ain City to facilitate full scale production of the B-250 aircraft.

Calidus B-250 trainer aircraft

Calidus B-250 Specs

The Calidus B-250 aircraft has a length of 10.88 m and a height of 3.79 m with a wingspan of 12.1 m and a distance of 3.1 m between the wheels. The B-250 fuselage is made of carbon fiber designed by Novaer. Compact airframe reduces aircraft weight and improves maneuverability while extending service life. The low wing configuration of the aircraft enables it to produce more lift and significantly reduce drag. Crew safety is ensured by an optional ballistic protection system.

The Calidus B-250 aircraft integrates a tri-cycle under-fuselage landing gear that can be drawn with three single-wheeled units. Strengthened landing gear enables operation of rough airfields and unprepared strips. This aircraft can be mounted with the Wescam MX-15 optronic tower, and seven hard points to carry various weapon systems.

Calidus B-250 specs

Calidus B-250 Engine

The Calidus B-250 aircraft is powered by Pratt and Whitney PT6A-68 turboprop engines equipped with multi-stage axial and one-stage centrifugal compressors. Combined with a single bladed four-blade propeller, the engine has a maximum power production capacity of 1,600 hp.

The power plant allows airplanes with a maximum speed of 301 k. This aircraft can reach a maximum altitude of 30,000 feet (9,000 m) in a short span of time. It was designed to carry a maximum load of 1,796kg and cover a maximum distance of 4,500 km. The maximum autonomy or endurance offered by the aircraft is 12 hours.

Calidus B-250 cockpit

Calidus B-250 Cockpit and Avionics

The Calidus B-250 cockpit is a sophisticated open architecture cockpit model that can accommodate two crew members in a tandem configuration. It was equipped with two zero-zero ejection seats developed by Martin Baker. A fully pressurized, air-conditioned cockpit integrates an installed oxygen-producing system (OBOGS) to support long-distance missions.

The sophisticated avionics suite of the B-250 military training aircraft is supplied by Rockwell Collins Proline Fusion. Avionics includes a large multi-function display screen, touch screen technology, digital head-up display (HUD), and intuitive icons.

The avionics suite collects information from on-board sensors and displays real-time information about runways, taxiways, complex intersections, and aircraft locations. This information will increase the situational awareness of the pilots. The Avionics also integrates a fully automatic Multiscan weather radar, which provides crew members with information about weather conditions.

Calidus B-250 Price

Currently the price of the Calidus B-250 aircraft has not been made public, because the aircraft is still under development.

Monday, 2 September 2019

Aermacchi M-346 Master Jet Trainer Specs, Cockpit, and Price

Aermacchi M-346 Master Jet Trainer Specs, Cockpit, and Price – The M-346 is an advanced fifth-generation fighter jet trainer developed by Alenia Aermacchi (Italy), a Finmeccanica company. The M-346 jet trainer provides combat pilot training for front-line fighters with high angle-of-attack capability. The first low-cost M-346 (LRIP) aircraft made its first flight in July 2008. The advanced version, equipped with a sophisticated helmet-mounted display system, completed its first flight in May 2010.

Aermacchi M-346 Master Jet Trainer

Aermacchi M-346 Specs and Engine

The M-346 aerodynamic design uses a vortex lift to provide maneuverability and control capability at very high attack angles using a fly-by-wire control system. The M-346 jet trainer is powered by two Honeywell / ITEC F124-GA-200 turbofan engines manufactured with Fiat Avio. The machine is equipped with a closed circuit, independent aerobatic lubrication system and Dual Control Digital Motor Channels (FADEC).

The maximum speed and M-346 jet trainer cruising are 1,092 km / h and 1,059 km / h, respectively. The kiosk speed is 166 km / hour. The aircraft can ride at speeds of 127 m / s. The service range and ceiling of M-346 are 2,590 km and 13,700 m, respectively. The runway is 320 m, while the landing is 470 m. This aircraft weighs around 4,610 kg and the maximum take-off weight is 9,000 kg.

Aermacchi M-346 Weapons System

The M-346 Master is carried out at nine external store stations, six of which are underwings, equipped with a 1,000 lb class ejector release unit, and two wingtip stations for air-to-air missiles. Stations below the fuselage carry avionic pods or 300-liter conformal fuel tanks.

Weapons carried by M-346 aircraft include: MK82 500 lb and MK83 1,000 lb bombs that are free falling or retarded; rocket launcher; AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range air-to-air missiles; Raytheon AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground missile; MBDA (formerly Alenia) Marte MK-2A anti-ship missile.

External hard spots can also carry the Vinton VICON-601 reconnaissance pod, laser pointer pod, radar warning receiver pod and Elettronica ELT-55 electronic countermeasure pod.

The data presentation system and control functions of the store management system use one of the multifunctional displays in both cockpits. Hand throttle and stick control (HOTAS) is used to select weapons. The weapon sights are controlled by the central main processor, aiming at the data presented to the pilot through a head-up display (HUD) or helmet-mounted display (HMD).

For the role of combat trainer, the M-346 is equipped with a self-protection system and a simulated tactical scenario threat on a multifunctional display. As for operational roles, the aircraft is equipped with radar warning receivers, chaff dispensers and flares, and active electronic countermeasures.

Aermacchi M-346 cockpit

Aermacchi M-346 Cockpit and Avionics

The M-346 jet trainer cockpit is representative of the latest generation of fighter aircraft, and each crew position is equipped with a raster / stroke type (HUD) head-up display, full liquid crystal multi-function display (three in each cockpit), helmet mounted screens with threat simulation capabilities, compatible night-vision goggle (NVG) instrumentation and practical throttle and stick (HOTAS) control. The cockpit is also equipped with a MK16 ejection seat from Martin Baker of Uxbridge, England.

The M-346 avionics jet trainer suite is based on a dual-redundant, MIL-STD-1553B digital data bus with capacity for additional systems. The communication package includes a VHF / UHF transceiver and enemy information friend transponder (IFF). The navigation suite includes a gyro laser inertia navigation system with an embedded GPS receiver, and tactical air navigation (TACAN) and VHF omnidirectional radio coverage (VOR / IIS / MB).

The flight control system (FCS) is a digital digital fly-by-quadruple-redundant full-authority system, which includes four Italian BAE Systems flight control computers. FCS provides high control capability on aircraft up to an angle ofattack (AoA) of 35 ° and higher, g-restriction, stall and rotation prevention, and maximum AoA limits.

It can be adapted to various levels of automation and autopilot modes with a reversing mode that displays automatic selection in the event of a breakdown or failure.

Aermacchi M-346 specs

Aermacchi M-346 Price and Orders

The latest M-346 Master jet trainer price is around US $ 21 Million. The Italian Air Force (ITAF) is the first customer to receive 15 M-346 Master jet trainer. Alenia Aermacchi signed a € 220 million ($ 330 million) contract with ITAF in June 2009 to supply six M-346 jets. The first two of the six M-346 aircraft were launched in December 2010.

ITAF appointed the M-346 as the T-346A, which made its maiden flight in March 2011. The Directorate General of Aeronautical Weapons of the Ministry of Defense issued military certification for the M-346 jet on June 22, 2011. The first T-346A aircraft was received by ITAF in November 2011, while the second was sent in February 2012.

In February 2009, the UAE announced it would acquire 48 advanced M-346 warplanes. Alenia Aermacchi intended to form a joint venture with Mubadala Development in the UAE to build the final assembly line M-346.

ST Aerospace signed a € 170 million contract with Alenia Aermacchi on June 24, 2011 to provide logistical support to 12 M-346 trainers deployed by the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF). Jet M-346 was ordered by RSAF in September 2010 under the Fighter Wings Course program. The first aircraft were launched in August 2012 and deliveries were completed in March 2014.

The Polish Ministry of Defense ordered with Alenia Aermacchi in February 2014 for the delivery of eight M-346 Master jet trainer. The first two aircraft were delivered in November 2016. Poland ordered four additional M-346 trainers along with options for four more, in January 2018. Deliveries are expected to be completed by 2022.