Tuesday 9 April 2019

Dassault Rafale Fighter Jet Specs, Cockpit, Engine, and Price

Dassault Rafale Fighter Jet Specs, Cockpit, Engine, and Price – Dassault Rafale is a twin-jet fighter that is capable of performing a variety of short and long distance missions, including land and sea attacks, reconnaissance, attacks with high accuracy and prevention of nuclear attacks. The Dassault Rafale aircraft was developed by Dassault Aviation for the French Air Force and Navy. Dassault Rafale emerged as the aircraft of choice among various competitors for the so-called largest military flight contract in the world. His closest competitor is Eurofighter Typhoon.

The French Air Force and Navy ordered 180 (132 for the air force and 48 for the navy), 100 aircraft were delivered at the end of 2010. Rafale entered service with the French Navy in 2004 and the French Air Force in 2006. Ten aircraft operated on aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle.

Dassault Rafale fighter jet

Dassault Rafale Specs

Dassault Rafale can carry payloads of more than 9t at 14 hardpoints for the air force version, with 13 for the navy version. The range of weapons includes: Mica, Magic, Sidewinder, ASRAAM, and AMRAAM air-to-air missiles; Apache, AS30L, ALARM, HARM, Maverick and PGM100 air-to-ground missiles and Exocet / AM39 missiles, Penguin 3 and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.

For the strategic mission, the Rafale can send the ASMP stand-off to the MBDA nuclear missile (formerly Aerospatiale). In December 2004, the stand-off cruise missile MBDA Storm Shadow / Scalp EG fulfilled the requirements at Rafale.

In September 2005, the first BVRAAM MBDA Meteor flight outside of the air-to-air visual range missile was carried out with the Rafale fighter. In December 2005, successful flight trials were carried out from Charles de Gaulle from various Rafale weapons systems - Exocet, Scalp-EG, Mica, ASMP-A (to replace ASMP) and Meteor missiles.

In April 2007, Rafale carried out the first shooting of the Sagas AASM precision guided bomb, which had a GPS / inertial guide and, optionally, an infrared terminal imaging guide. Since 2008, this aircraft has been equipped with AASM, can carry six AASM missiles, with each aiming to reach the target with 10m accuracy.

Rafale has twin shotgun pods and Nexter (formerly Giat) 30mm DEFA 791B cannon, which can fire 2,500 bullets per minute. Rafale is equipped with a laser tagging pod for laser guidance from air-to-ground missiles.

The Rafale electronic warfare system is Spectra from Thales. Spectra combines solid state transmitter technology, AMD laser warning receivers, missile warnings, detection systems, and jammers.

Rafale is equipped with a passive RBE2 electronic scanning radar developed by Thales, who has the ability to look down and shoot down. The radar can track up to eight targets simultaneously and provide threat identification and priority setting.

Thales developed an active electronically scanned version of RBE2, which completed the Rafale in February 2011. Radar flight tests on the Rafale ship took place in 2008. RUAG Aviation was awarded a $ 5 million contract by Thales in May 2009 to produce sub assemblies for the RBE2 radar which will be equipped with Rafale fighter jets.

The optronic system includes the Thales / SAGEM OSF infrared search and tracking system, mounted on the nose of the aircraft. Optronic suites perform search, target identification, telemetry and discrimination and automatic target tracking.

In January 2012, the French Ministry of Defense gave Thales a ten-year contract to maintain electronic systems and aircraft wars.

Dassault Rafale specs

Dassault Rafale Engine

Dassault Rafale is powered by two M88-2 engines from SNECMA, each providing a thrust of 75kN. This aircraft is equipped for refueling your friends with flight fuel hose reels and drogue packages. The first M88 engine was shipped in 1996. This is a dual shaft short-circuit turbofan engine which is principally suitable for low-altitude penetration and high-altitude interception missions.

M88 combines the latest technologies such as blisks, polluted combustion chambers, single crystal high pressure turbine blades, powder metallurgical discs, powder metallurgical discs, ceramic coatings and composite materials.

The M88 engine consists of a three-stage LP compressor with inlet guide vane, annular combustion chamber, one-stage HP turbine, one-stage LP turbine, radial A / B space, B / radial space, variable and full converging flap-type type nozzle digital machine control authority (FADEC).

Messier-Dowty provides a 'jumper' landing gear, which is designed to jump when the plane is propelled by a nose gear support.

Dassault Rafale cockpit

Dassault Rafale Cockpit

Rafale cockpit has a throttle and hand stick (HOTAS) control. The cockpit is equipped with a wide-angle holographic display from Thales Avionique, which provides aircraft control data, mission data and shot signals.

Collated multi-image head level display presents tactical situations and sensor data, while two lateral screen touch screens show aircraft system parameters and mission data.

The pilot also has the vision and appearance mounted on the helmet. A CCD camera and onboard recorder record images of head-up displays throughout the mission.

Dassault Rafale Communication and Navigation

The communication circuit at Rafale uses Saturn radio, very high frequency (V / UHF), which is the second generation anti-jam tactical UHF radio for NATO. Saturn provides voice encryption in fast frequency hopping mode.

The aircraft is also equipped with a fixed frequency VHF / UHF radio for communication with civil air traffic control. Multifunctional terminal information distribution systems (MIDS) provide secure high-level tactical data data exchanges with NATO C2 stations, AWACS aircraft or navy ships.

Rafale is equipped with the TLS 2000 Thales navigation receiver, which is used for the flight approach phase. TLS 2000 integrates the instrument landing system (ILS), microwave landing system (MLS) and VHF omni-directional radio-ranger (VOR) and marker functions.

The radar altimeter is an AHV 17 altimeter from Thales, which is suitable for very low flights. Rafale has a TACAN tactical air navigation receiver for navigation on the go and as a landing aid. Rafale has a combined SB25A interrogator developed by Thales. The SB25A is the first IFF to use electronic scanning technology.

Dassault Rafale Price and Orders

Dassault Rafale B and C began operations with the French Air Force in June 2006, when the first squadron was established. The second air force squadron was established in 2008. A contract of € 3.1 billion ($ 3.89 billion) to develop a F3 standard aircraft that is fully capable of being awarded to Dassault Aviation (€ 1.5 billion), Snecma (€ 600 million), Thales (€ 500 million) and other French contractors by the French Ministry of Defense in February 2004.

Orders for 59 F3, 47 aircraft for the air force (11 two seats and 36 one seats) and 12 (one seat) for the navy, were placed in December 2004. Rafale F3 was certified in July 2008. The contracts also included an increase in the Rafale F2 aircraft.

The first Rafale F3 was sent to the French Air Force in 2008. In March 2007, three French Air Force and three Rafale fighters were deployed in Tajikistan to support NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan.

The French government ordered 60 additional Rafale aircraft in November 2009. The Brazilian government awarded Dassault Aviation a 4 billion dollar contract in January 2010 to supply 36 Rafale multi-use aircraft.

The UAE is expected to acquire Rafale under a $ 10 billion contract to replace 60 old Mirage fighters. However, in November 2011, the agreement came to a halt when the UAE called Dassault's prices and provisions "uncompetitive". The country is also considering Cyclone Eurofighter to replace the old Mirage fighters.

In February 2012, the Indian Ministry of Defense chose the Rafale for the Indian Air Force MMRCA (combat multirole combat aircraft) program. The contract is worth around $ 20 billion. Under the contract, Dassault will supply 126 Rafale fighters. The first 18 fighters will be supplied in 2015 and the remainder will be produced in India under the technology transfer to Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL). This contract will be the first international supply for Rafale.

The Indian government completed the contract in April 2015 for the acquisition of 36 Rafale aircraft. Dassault Aviation signed a sales contract with the Arab Republic of Egypt in February 2015 to supply 24 Rafale fighters.

The State of Qatar signed a contract with Dassault Aviation to acquire 24 Rafale fighters in May 2015. The $ 7 Billion contract also includes options for 12 additional fighters and options carried out by Qatar in December 2017. Delivery of 36 multirole fighters is expected to begin in 2019.

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