Thursday 10 October 2019

Tupolev Tu-95MS Bombers Specs, Range, Cockpit, Price

Tupolev Tu-95MS Bombers Specs, Range, Cockpit, Price – Tupolev Tu-95MS (NATO reporting name: Bear-H) is a strategic long-range turboprop-powered bomber developed by Russian aerospace and defense company JSC Tupolev Design Bureau. The operator is currently in service with the Russian Air Force. The Tu-95MS aircraft is a modern version of the Tu-95 Bear strategic bomber. It is equipped with a stand-off cruise missile and can be used in combat missions to defeat cruise missiles and strategic enemy targets.

The first flight test was conducted in May 2011, two Tu-95MS aircraft conducted a 17-hour patrol flight over the Aleutian Islands. This was followed by a 10-hour air patrol flight in the Pacific Ocean in November 2011. Two Tu-95MS strategic bombers also conducted patrol flights over the Aleutian Islands. Arctic Ocean for 20 hours in April 2012. Another patrol flight, which lasted 13 hours, was executed in the Norwegian Sea in November 2013. The Tu-95MS successfully launched six high-precision cruise missiles at ground targets during a 7-hour tactical flight test in June 2014 .

Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear-H Bombers

Tupolev Tu-95MS Specs

The Tu-95MS fuselage is made entirely of metal construction and has a high aspect ratio spar wing design. It was able to engage the main stationary enemy targets under extreme weather conditions both in the day and night. The aerodynamic design of the fuselage allows it to fly at high speeds at safe altitudes. Two large fairings are mounted on the wing to reduce drag. Overall the Tu-95MS has a length of 49.6 m and a height of 13.3 m, and is equipped with a semi-monocoque aircraft.

The Tu-95MS landing mechanism is equipped with a retractable tricycle type landing gear consisting of a controllable two-wheel nose unit and a four-wheeled main unit. The maximum take-off and landing weights are 185 t and 135 t respectively and the maximum load capacity is 20,000 kg. The wing is swept back at 35 ° and the wing span is 50.05 m.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Specs

Tupolev Tu-95MS Engine

Tupolev Tu-95MS bomber is powered by four NK-12MP turboprop engines supplied by the Kuznetsov Design Bureau. Each engine drives an eight-bladed AV-60N counter-rotating propeller. The engine has a takeoff power of 15,000 hp (11,000 kW) and a pressure ratio of 9.7.

The internal fuel capacity of the aircraft is 84 t. Fuel is stored in four integrated tanks in the outer wing, two middle wing tanks, and in the central fuselage tank. An air-to-air refueling probe is mounted on the nose.

The maximum speed of the Tu-95MS is 830 km/ h and the cruising speed is 550 km/ h. This aircraft has a flight range of 10,500 km. This range can be extended up to 14,100 km with one flight refueling. Take-off and landing rolls from the bombers were 2,540 m and 1,700 m respectively, and the service ceiling was 10,500 m.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Weapon

Tupolev Tu-95MS Weapons

The Tu-95MS aircraft is armed with two 23-mm double-barreled Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23 automatic cannons at the rear for defense against air threats. Each cannon has a shot rate of 2,400 rounds per minute. Six Kh-15 air launch cruise missiles with a range of 2,500 km are carried out in a drum launcher. The aircraft can be further modified to carry up to eight Kh-101 air launch cruise missiles or 14 Kh-65 anti-ship missiles.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Cockpit

Tupolev Tu-95MS Cockpit and Avionics

The Tupolev Tu-95MS bomber aircraft can accommodate seven crew members, including a pilot and co-pilot. The Avionik Tu-95MS suite includes the ANS-2009 celestial navigation system, developed by Concern Radio-Electronic Technologies (KRET), to determine aircraft coordinates. The new generation BINS-SP-2M strapdown inertia navigation system, which was also developed by KRET, determines the location of objects and provides navigation and flight data in the absence of satellite navigation.

The aircraft is also equipped with Leninetz Obzor-MS clam pipe navigation and pulse-doppler radar attacks, and the Mak-UT approach warning system infrared (MAWS). It can be upgraded with new equipment to increase reliability.

The Tu-95MS bomber is equipped with a self-defense system from guided missiles, the SPS-160 Geran Jammer series. Electrical defrosting systems are installed to protect the leading canopies, propellers, pilots and wing tips. The onboard electronic countermeasures (ECM) also includes the Meteor-NM computer-controlled ECM system, APP chaff / flare dispenser and Avtomatika SPO-32/ L150 digital warning receiver.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Price and Orders

The price of the latest Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear-H Bombers is around US $ 26.28 Million. The first production aircraft was deployed by the 121st Heavy Bomber Regiment at the Engels Air Base and the 73rd Heavy Bomber Flight Division at the Ukrainka Air Base.

In December 2014, Tupolev handed over two Tu-95MS strategic bombers that were enhanced with improved avionics and flight efficiency to the Russian Air Force, as part of the country's defense orders. Further shipments of the upgraded Tu-95MS took place in January 2015. The Russian Ministry of Defense bought 20 modern bombers by the end of 2016. The aircraft is expected to continue to operate with them until 2040.

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