Friday, 18 October 2019

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, and Price

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, and Price – Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 is a regional aircraft turboprop engine that was introduced in 1998 by Bombardier Aerospace De Havilland Canada. This aircraft can accommodate up to 56 passengers. This Bombardier aircraft is equipped with a noise and vibration suppression system (NVS). NVS technology was introduced to the Dash 8 turboprop family in 1996 and the Dash 8 aircraft series was renamed the Q series.

The Dash 8 Q series family also includes Q100 (37 seats), Q200 (39 seats) and Q400 (68 to 78 seats). The Q300 has a larger fuselage and wingtips added and has a more powerful engine compared to the Bombardier Q200 aircraft. The Q300 aircraft variant consists of Q300MSA for maritime and Q300HGW for heavy transport. Maritime task variants are equipped with crew station interiors, large conformal observation windows, and structural fuselage mods. While the heavy duty variant is equipped with a more powerful engine and greater payload capacity.

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Specs

The Q300 aircraft is an extended version of the Q200 aircraft. The overall length of the fuselage length is 25.7 m. The fuselage is almost circular in the transverse section. The upper center line of the fuselage carries a large dorsal fin which blends with the swept T-vertical tail fin. This aircraft has conventional and powered flight controls, as well as digital automatic flight control systems. The Q300 aircraft is equipped with a tricycle-type landing gear drawn by Dowty Aerospace equipped with twin Goodrich wheels and brakes. The landing gear is equipped with the Hydro-Aire mk3 anti-skid unit.

The Q300 aircraft can be equipped with an optional Turbomach T-40 additional power unit. The DC power unit consists of two sets of starters / generators, two sets of transformers and rectifiers and two nickel cadmium batteries. This aircraft is equipped with a DC outlet mounted on the nose on the port side. The aircraft's AC power system consists of two engine-driven AC generators with three static inverters. A grounded AC outlet is installed on the rear right side nacelle engine.

This aircraft has two hydraulic systems that operate independently. Each hydraulic system consists of an engine-driven displacement pump, an electrically powered standby pump, an accumulator and a manually operated emergency pump.

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Engine and Performance

The Q300 aircraft is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW123 turboprop engines mounted on the wing. Each engine is able to provide an output power of 1,775 kW to drive the Hamilton Sundstrand 14SF-23 four blades propeller. The propeller has a diameter of 3.96 m and is equipped with an electric eraser system.

The Q300HGW heavy duty variant is powered by a 123B PW turbo engine which provides increased power for operation from cold and low airport conditions. The PW123B engine is capable of producing an output power of 1,864 kW. The Q300HGW has a maximum load of 6,126kg, larger than the standard version of the Q300 with a payload of 5,166 kg.

The Q300 aircraft fuel tank located on the wing has a total fuel capacity of 5,700 l consisting of 3,160 l of operational fuel and 2,540l of additional fuel. The fuel tank is equipped with a Simmonds fuel monitoring system, a gravity fill point on the upper wing and a single pressure refueling point on the right engine nacelle.

The maximum speed of the Bombardier Q300 aircraft is 528 km / hour. The aircraft can fly to a maximum height of 7,620 m and a maximum distance of 1,558 km. The aircraft take-off and landing distances are 1,178 m and 1,041 m, respectively. The aircraft has a maximum take-off weight of 19,505 kg.

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 cockpit

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Cockpit and Avionics

The Q300 aircraft cockpit has Honeywell electronic dual flight control (EFIS) connected to the SPZ-8000 Honeywell automatic digital dual flight control system. The cockpit can be equipped with Flight Dynamics HGS2000 head-up guidance system to provide Cat IIIa capabilities to the aircraft. The autopilot system is also integrated on the Q300 aircraft.

The standard avionics suite on the Q300 aircraft is Honeywell. But other avionics series, including Rockwell Collins can be installed as an alternative. Meanwhile, the navigation suite on this aircraft includes the KNR 806 automatic direction finder (ADF), the KDM 706A (DME) distance measuring device, the Honeywell Gold Crown III communication and navigation system and the optional global positioning system and Primus P660 color weather radar.

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 interior

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Cabin and Interior

The cabin of the Q300 aircraft has a length of 12.65 m. The cab can be configured in one aisle seating arrangements, four seats in line for 50 passengers in standard seats or 56 passengers in economy class
seat. The cabin has a luggage room with a capacity of 8.5 m³. The pressurized cabin is equipped with two air conditioning units.

The cabin is equipped with an upstairs door mounted on the left side of the cabin for passengers and crew, allowing airplane access to a small airport with limited facilities. Meanwhile, a large door is also mounted on the rear side of the stern of the wing to load cargo and luggage.

Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 Price and Orders

The price of the latest Bombardier Dash 8 Q300 aircraft is around US $ 17 Million. More than 267 Q300 aircraft have been ordered and sent. This aircraft is in service with Air Nippon, ALM, Augsberg Airways, Avline, Brymon Airways, GPA Jetprop, Hamburg Airline, Clay, Mark Air, National Jety, Petroleum Services, QantasLink, SA Express, Time Air, Tyrolean, Union Airways, Wideroe and Zhejlang Airlines. Around 172 aircraft currently operate in the Asia Pacific region.

Thursday, 17 October 2019

AVIC Xian MA60 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, and Price

AVIC Xian MA60 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, and Price – AVIC MA60 is a twin turboprop engine passenger aircraft manufactured by AVIC Commercial Aircraft Co., a subsidiary of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). The aircraft is used for short and domestic air routes, and is designed for transportation of passengers and goods, maritime patrols, medical evacuations, and operations to bring down paratroopers.

The inaugural flight of the MA60 aircraft was carried out in February 2000. The MA60 aircraft received certification from the Chinese Civil Aviation Administration (CAAC) in June 2000 and began operating with Sichuan Airlines in August 2000. It was accredited with the type of certification of the Indonesian Directorate of Civil Aviation (IATDG) in 2006. The MA60 aircraft variants are MA60-100, MA60-MPA Fearless Albatross, MA40, MA60H-500, and Xian MA600.

AVIC Xian MA60

AVIC Xian MA60 Specs

The AVIC MA60 is a stretch version of the Xian Y7-200A, which is produced based on the Antonov An-24. This aircraft is designed to take off and land on unprepared airstrips, grass runways, and sandstone and has short take-off and landing (STOL) capabilities. The MA60 is equipped with a de-icing system allowing the aircraft to fly in snowy weather conditions in winter.

The MA60 aircraft landing mechanism is equipped with a retractable tricycle-type landing gear consisting of two main gears, a single nose wheel that can be controlled, two disc brakes, and tubular resistant anti-explosion tires. Overall, the AVIC MA60 aircraft has a length of 24.71 m, a wingspan of 29.2 m, and a height of 8.86 m. The aircraft has an empty weight of 30,203 lb and a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 48,060 lb. The aircraft's flight range reaches 1,600 km (860 nmi).

AVIC Xian MA60 Cockpit

AVIC Xian MA60 Cockpit and Avionics

AVIC MA60 aircraft cockpit accommodates pilots and co-pilots. The cockpit is equipped with a primary flight display and a 10 x 8 inch high-resolution multifunction LCD that displays flight information, including the EFIS-84 electronic flight instrumentation system, EICAS-4000 engine indication and crew warning system, automatic flight control system, central warning system, data system dual air and dual navigation attitude systems.

The MA60 aircraft is equipped with a Pro Line 21 avionics suite supplied by Rockwell Collins. The avionics package includes the FMS-3000 flight management system, communications, radio navigation and surveillance sensors (CNS), the AHS-3000 attitude heading reference system and the TWR-80 weather radar.

AVIC Xian MA60 Interior

AVIC Xian MA60 Cabin and Interior

The AVIC MA60 aircraft cabin is 10.8 m long, 2.7 m wide and 1.9 m high. The spacious cabin can accommodate up to 60 passengers in a four-seat configuration. The cabin is also equipped with an air conditioning system to regulate the flow of air inside the cabin and maintain a soothing temperature.

AVIC Xian MA60 Engine and Performance

The AVIC MA60 is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127J turboprop engines to drive two Hamilton Sundstrand composite four-blades propellers. Each engine is capable to producing 2,051 kW of thrust. With this engine, MA60 can fly with a maximum speed of 514 km / hour and cruising speed of 430 km/ hour. The range and ceiling of aircraft services are 1,600 km and 7,620 m, respectively.

The PW127J engine is equipped with a two-stage centrifugal compressor, back-flow burners, one-level low-pressure and high-pressure turbines, two-stage electric turbines, unadjusted reduction gearboxes, and an electronic engine control system. Overall, this aircraft engine has a length of 2.1 m, width of 0.6 m and height of 0.8 m.

AVIC Xian MA60 Price and Orders

The price of the latest AVIC Xian MA60 aircraft is around US $ 22 Million. AVIC Commercial Aircraft Co. has received 250 MA60 orders from various customers throughout the world until October 2011. Customer orders for MA60 include: YingAn Airlines, Zest Airways, CDS Regional Express, Cameroon International Air Transport, Air Burundi, and Air Congo International. Military customers include the Ecuadorian Air Force, the Ghana Air Force, the Sri Lankan Air Force, the Zambia Air Force, and the Bolivian Air Force.

Tuesday, 15 October 2019

AVIC Xian MA700 Specs, Range, Cockpit, and Price

AVIC Xian MA700 Specs, Range, Cockpit, and Price – AVIC MA700 is the latest medium range turboprop aircraft developed by AVIC Commercial Aircraft Co., a subsidiary of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). This aircraft will be intended for the short and medium term regional passenger transportation sector, which includes routes within 800 km. The basic version of the MA700 can also be used to support medical missions, emergency rescue and disaster relief, meteorological, and scientific.

The development of the MA700 aircraft first began in 2008. Meanwhile, the construction of the aircraft began in 2013 involving several contractors, including Safran Electrical & Power as a supplier of major and additional power generation systems, Saft as a provider of ultra-low maintenance batteries (ULM), AVIC Xi'an Aviation Brake Technology as supplying wheel and brake systems, Zodiac Aerospace as a supplier of airborne equipment, and AMETEK Sensors and Fluid Management Systems (SFMS) as providers of aircraft fuel measurement systems.

From 2016 to 2019, AVIC Commercial Aircraft Co. continuously testing a number of aircraft components, including the fuselage, wings and avionics. The inaugural flight of the MA700 aircraft is scheduled to take place in 2020. The aircraft is expected to receive certification from the Chinese Civil Aviation Administration (CAAC) in 2021 and is scheduled to begin operations in 2022.

AVIC Xian MA700

AVIC Xian MA700 Specs

AVIC MA700 aircraft are equipped with advanced aerodynamic technology and fuel-efficient turboprop propulsion systems, the aircraft will be able to operate at high altitudes and temperatures. This will offer the benefits of reducing fuel consumption and maintenance costs.

The MA700 aircraft design integrates a conventional wing mounted high in the mid-fuselage, T-tail, and tricycle type landing gear configurations. This aircraft will have a length of 30.5 m and a height of 8.1 m and will have a wingspan of 27.5 m. The fuselage can be shortened or extended while maintaining the basic design of the cabin and cockpit interface.

AVIC Xian MA700 cockpit

AVIC Xian MA700 Cockpit and Avionics

The AVIC MA700 aircraft is equipped with a digital glass cockpit integrated with the Safran flight control system. It will also be equipped with a fly-by-wire fly control actuation system provided by Parker Aerospace. So that it can ease the workload of pilots in flying a plane.

AVIC Xian MA700 Cabin and Interior

The MA700 aircraft base cabin configuration can accommodate seating for 78 passengers, while the high density cabin configuration can accommodate up to 86 passengers. The spacious cabin allows a spacious and comfortable seating layout. The cabin is also equipped with a wide entrance staircase, allowing passengers to ride quickly and comfortably.

AVIC Xian MA700 specs

AVIC Xian MA700 Engine and Performance

The AVIC MA700 will be powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada (P&WC) PW150C turboprop engines with a Dowly Propellers R504 six-blades propulsion system. With this engine, the MA700 aircraft will have a maximum speed of 637 km/ h and fly at a maximum height of 7,620 m. It will be able to reach a maximum range of 2,700 km and will have a maximum take-off weight of 58,000 lb.

AVIC Xian MA700 Price and Orders

The price of the latest AVIC Xian MA700 aircraft is around US $ 25 Million. In September 2019, commercial Aircraft Co. has received 285 orders from 11 operators for MA700 aircraft, consisting of China Joy Air, China Okay Airways, China CDB Leasing, China CMB Leasing, China Chongqing General Aviation Financing and Leasing, China Poly Technologies, Nepal Air Avenues, Cambodia Cambodia Bayon Airlines , United Arab Emirates EGA Group Emirates, Pakistan Hybrid Aviation, and South Africa Segers Aero.

Saturday, 12 October 2019

Yakovlev Yak-130 Jet Trainer Specs, Cockpit, Radar, and Price

Yakovlev Yak-130 Jet Trainer Specs, Cockpit, Radar, and Price – Yakovlev Yak-130 (NATO reporting name: Mitten) is an advanced two-seat jet trainer and subsonic light fighter aircraft designed and produced by Yakovlev and the Irkut company. The Yak-130 can be used as a light attack aircraft or as a trainer for various fourth or fifth generation fighter jets.

The joint program for the development of coaches between Russian Yakovlev and Italian Aermacchi began in 1993. The Yak/ AEM-130D demonstrators flew in 1996. In 1999, the partnership was dissolved and the Yakovlev Yak-130 and Aermacchi M346 became separate programs.

In the second quarter of 2003, the Yak-130 prototype successfully completed 450 flights, including demonstration flights with high maneuverability such as a 42 ° controlled attack angle.

Yak-130 completed the first phase of a joint state test in April 2009 which included entering basic weaponry. Arrived at the Lipetsk Air Base in February 2010. The aircraft flew in a line of sophisticated digital avionics developed by KRET in June 2014.

Yakovlev Yak-130 Jet Trainer

Yakovlev Yak-130 Specs

The Yak-130 fuselage has a classic swop-wing design and empennage monoplane with lightweight carbon fiber alloy construction. Kevlar armored guards are installed in the engine, cockpit and avionics compartments. The high lift wings which are swept up medium and the low tail plane all move allows the pilot to choose a high angle of attack. The airframe is designed for a 30-year work period with 10,000 flight hours or 20,000 landings.

The Yak-130 jet trainer is equipped with leading edge blades and a three-position Fowler flap, so it can operate on short airfields. Fowler flaps are split flaps that move back and then down the track to provide a large increase in lift and lift height and drag for landing maneuvers.

The Yak 130 trainer can be operated from non-paved runways and small unprepared airfields because the landing gear is designed with a high takeoff. The intricately installed fly-by-wire control system allows the aircraft to feature automatic flight control systems, active flight safety systems, stability training, and control characteristics.

Yakovlev Yak-130 Specs

Yakovlev Yak-130 Engine and Performance

The Yak-130 jet trainer is powered by two AI-222-25 turbofan engines developed under the Russian and Ukrainian programs by Motor Sich, the Zaporozh'e Progress Design Bureau and the Moscow Salyut Motor Building Production Company. Each machine has a thrust of 2,500 kg. Meanwhile, the Yak-130 export variant can be paired with a DV-2SM engine.

The internal fuel tank of Yak 130 trainer, consists of two wing tanks and a central fusel that can carry up to 2,179 l of fuel. With two suspended fuel tanks (450 l each), the maximum total fuel load is 3,100 l. The aircraft is equipped with single point pressure or optional gravity refueling. This training aircraft can be equipped with a refueling probe in flight.

Yakovlev Yak-130 Cockpit

Yakovlev Yak-130 Cockpit and Avionics

The cockpit of the Yak-130 jet trainer has a two-seat tandem configuration. The air-conditioned and pressurized cockpit is equipped with an NPO Zvezda K-36LT3.5 zero-ejection seat. This jet trainer has an all-glass cockpit. Both pilot positions are compatible with night vision goggles (NVG) and are equipped with three multifunctional 6 in x 8 in color liquid crystal screens.

Pilots in the front cockpit can use helmet-mounted vision to designate targets. The cockpit is equipped with internal and external MS communication and a voice warning system provided by AA.S. Popov GZAS joint-stock company. The pilot has a holistic view through the blister canopy. The front pilot has a view to the nose of the aircraft by -16 °, while the rear pilot has a view of -6 °.

The Yak-130 avionics suite is fully digital integrated with Avionica's fly-by-wire flight control system which functions to adjust stability and control characteristics and flight safety systems to simulate a number of fighter aircraft such as MiG-29, Su-27, Su-30, F- 15, F-16, F-18, Mirage 2000, Rafale, Typhoon and future fighters like the F-35.

The pilot chose the software model of the simulation aircraft control system on the Yak-130 on-board computer. Pilots can choose the model during the flight. This system can be forgiving to allow cadet pilots to obtain piloting skills easily. The jet trainer is equipped with an avionics open architecture suite including two computers and a three-channel information exchange multiplexer. The navigation suite includes a laser gyroscope and GLONASS / NAVSTAR global positioning.

Yakovlev Yak-130 Radar

The Yak-130 jet trainer is equipped with 8 GHz to 12.5 GHz Osa or Oca (Wasp) radar, which is supplied by NIIP Zhukovsky. Radar has the capacity to track eight targets in the air simultaneously, simultaneously involving four targets in all angles and simultaneously tracking two ground targets. The detection range of the 5m² cross-section target is 40 km in the back and 85km in the forward direction. The locking range for operation in automatic tracking mode is 65 km. The radar has an adaptive waveform and sidelob, has a surface mapping mode that includes freezing and enlarging the image in the area of ​​interest.

The electronic warfare suite on the Yak-130 combat trainer includes chaff and flare dispensers, radar warning receivers and active jammers.

Yakovlev Yak-130 Weapon

Yakovlev Yak-130 Weapons

The Yak-130 can simulate the tactics of various existing fighter planes. The aircraft can carry weapons, suspended fuel tanks, surveillance pods and various electronic war pods including radar jammers and infrared countermeasures. There is one diameter of the fuselage line and the number of wing hooks for arms suspension has been increased to eight with six underwings and two wing tips, increasing the weight of combat loads to 3,000 kg.

The open architecture suite installed on the Yak-130 allows a variety of heavy weapons systems, Vikhr laser guided missiles, R-73 infrared guided air-to-air missiles (as NATO 11-Archer), Kh-25 ML (as NAT-10 AS- 10 Karen) air-to-surface laser, AIM-9L Sidewinder, Magic 2 and AGM-65 Maverick missiles. Platan's electro-optical guide pod is mounted under the fuselage for the placement of KAB-500Kr guided bombs.

This fighter training aircraft is equipped with a 30 mm GSh-301 cannon or a GSh-23 cannon mounted under the fuselage. It can also use B-8M and B-18 missiles that are not aimed, bombs 250 kg and 50 kg and cluster bombs.

Yakovlev Yak-130 Price and Orders

The price of the latest Yakovlev Yak-130 advanced jet trainer is US $ 46 Million. In March 2006, it was announced that Algeria had ordered 16 Yak-130 trainers. Deliveries were completed in 2011.

In December 2011, the Russian Ministry of Defense ordered with Irkut for the shipment of 55 Yak-130 combat trainers in 2012. The first batch of six aircraft was sent to the Russian Air Force in October 2012. The second batch of three Yak -130 was delivered in November 2012. A total of 15 aircraft were sent to the Russian Air Force in 2012.

Bangladesh ordered 16 Yak-130s in January 2014. The Russian Ministry of Defense placed orders for the supply of 12 additional aircraft in February 2014. A total of 36 Yak-130 aircraft are expected to be sent to Syria in 2016. Russia also plans to export aircraft to the Azerbaijan military.

Thursday, 10 October 2019

Tupolev Tu-95MS Bombers Specs, Range, Cockpit, Price

Tupolev Tu-95MS Bombers Specs, Range, Cockpit, Price – Tupolev Tu-95MS (NATO reporting name: Bear-H) is a strategic long-range turboprop-powered bomber developed by Russian aerospace and defense company JSC Tupolev Design Bureau. The operator is currently in service with the Russian Air Force. The Tu-95MS aircraft is a modern version of the Tu-95 Bear strategic bomber. It is equipped with a stand-off cruise missile and can be used in combat missions to defeat cruise missiles and strategic enemy targets.

The first flight test was conducted in May 2011, two Tu-95MS aircraft conducted a 17-hour patrol flight over the Aleutian Islands. This was followed by a 10-hour air patrol flight in the Pacific Ocean in November 2011. Two Tu-95MS strategic bombers also conducted patrol flights over the Aleutian Islands. Arctic Ocean for 20 hours in April 2012. Another patrol flight, which lasted 13 hours, was executed in the Norwegian Sea in November 2013. The Tu-95MS successfully launched six high-precision cruise missiles at ground targets during a 7-hour tactical flight test in June 2014 .

Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear-H Bombers

Tupolev Tu-95MS Specs

The Tu-95MS fuselage is made entirely of metal construction and has a high aspect ratio spar wing design. It was able to engage the main stationary enemy targets under extreme weather conditions both in the day and night. The aerodynamic design of the fuselage allows it to fly at high speeds at safe altitudes. Two large fairings are mounted on the wing to reduce drag. Overall the Tu-95MS has a length of 49.6 m and a height of 13.3 m, and is equipped with a semi-monocoque aircraft.

The Tu-95MS landing mechanism is equipped with a retractable tricycle type landing gear consisting of a controllable two-wheel nose unit and a four-wheeled main unit. The maximum take-off and landing weights are 185 t and 135 t respectively and the maximum load capacity is 20,000 kg. The wing is swept back at 35 ° and the wing span is 50.05 m.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Specs

Tupolev Tu-95MS Engine

Tupolev Tu-95MS bomber is powered by four NK-12MP turboprop engines supplied by the Kuznetsov Design Bureau. Each engine drives an eight-bladed AV-60N counter-rotating propeller. The engine has a takeoff power of 15,000 hp (11,000 kW) and a pressure ratio of 9.7.

The internal fuel capacity of the aircraft is 84 t. Fuel is stored in four integrated tanks in the outer wing, two middle wing tanks, and in the central fuselage tank. An air-to-air refueling probe is mounted on the nose.

The maximum speed of the Tu-95MS is 830 km/ h and the cruising speed is 550 km/ h. This aircraft has a flight range of 10,500 km. This range can be extended up to 14,100 km with one flight refueling. Take-off and landing rolls from the bombers were 2,540 m and 1,700 m respectively, and the service ceiling was 10,500 m.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Weapon

Tupolev Tu-95MS Weapons

The Tu-95MS aircraft is armed with two 23-mm double-barreled Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23 automatic cannons at the rear for defense against air threats. Each cannon has a shot rate of 2,400 rounds per minute. Six Kh-15 air launch cruise missiles with a range of 2,500 km are carried out in a drum launcher. The aircraft can be further modified to carry up to eight Kh-101 air launch cruise missiles or 14 Kh-65 anti-ship missiles.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Cockpit

Tupolev Tu-95MS Cockpit and Avionics

The Tupolev Tu-95MS bomber aircraft can accommodate seven crew members, including a pilot and co-pilot. The Avionik Tu-95MS suite includes the ANS-2009 celestial navigation system, developed by Concern Radio-Electronic Technologies (KRET), to determine aircraft coordinates. The new generation BINS-SP-2M strapdown inertia navigation system, which was also developed by KRET, determines the location of objects and provides navigation and flight data in the absence of satellite navigation.

The aircraft is also equipped with Leninetz Obzor-MS clam pipe navigation and pulse-doppler radar attacks, and the Mak-UT approach warning system infrared (MAWS). It can be upgraded with new equipment to increase reliability.

The Tu-95MS bomber is equipped with a self-defense system from guided missiles, the SPS-160 Geran Jammer series. Electrical defrosting systems are installed to protect the leading canopies, propellers, pilots and wing tips. The onboard electronic countermeasures (ECM) also includes the Meteor-NM computer-controlled ECM system, APP chaff / flare dispenser and Avtomatika SPO-32/ L150 digital warning receiver.

Tupolev Tu-95MS Price and Orders

The price of the latest Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear-H Bombers is around US $ 26.28 Million. The first production aircraft was deployed by the 121st Heavy Bomber Regiment at the Engels Air Base and the 73rd Heavy Bomber Flight Division at the Ukrainka Air Base.

In December 2014, Tupolev handed over two Tu-95MS strategic bombers that were enhanced with improved avionics and flight efficiency to the Russian Air Force, as part of the country's defense orders. Further shipments of the upgraded Tu-95MS took place in January 2015. The Russian Ministry of Defense bought 20 modern bombers by the end of 2016. The aircraft is expected to continue to operate with them until 2040.

Tuesday, 8 October 2019

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Strategic Bomber Specs, Cockpit, Price

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Strategic Bomber Specs, Cockpit, Price – Tupolev Tu-22M3 (NATO reporting name: Backfire-C) is a long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by Tupolev for the Russian Air Force. The aircraft is currently in service with the Russian Air Force and Russian Navy Aviation. This aircraft is mainly used to carry out nuclear attacks and conventional attack operations. This can also be used in anti-ship missions and maritime surveillance.

The earliest pre-production aircraft produced was the Tu-22M0. Its production is limited to a small amount due to inadequate performance. Then followed by the Tu-22M1 pilot production aircraft for the Russian Naval Aviation. Production in the first major production version, the Tu-22M2 began in 1972. It was equipped with extended wings and a redesigned fuselage, twin engines and new undercarriage.

The Tu-22M3 is based on the Tu-22M aircraft design. The first Tu-22M0 prototype completed its maiden flight in August 1969. The Tu-22M1 first flew in July 1971 and the Tu-22M was first used in combat missions in Afghanistan between 1987 and 1989. The Tu-22M3 was used by Russia for combat operations in Chechnya in 1995.

The Tu-22M3 is introduced with enhanced features to overcome the disadvantages of its predecessor. This aircraft completed its first flight in June 1977 and was installed in inventory in 1983. Some Tu-22Ms were also modified to Tu-22MR and Tu-22ME standards. The Russian Ministry of Defense intends to increase up to 30 aircraft from around 60 Tu-22M3 which are currently in service to the advanced Tu-22M3M variant. The first modernized aircraft was launched during the launch ceremony at the Kazan Aviation Plant. It made its maiden flight on December 28, 2018.

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Strategic Bomber

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Specs

The Tupolev Tu-22M3 incorporates a variable wing length design. This aircraft has a stepped cockpit and variable-geometry outer wing panels. The tail fin is swept back and tapered with a square tip. Flats mounted in the middle of the body are shown with a blunt end and each wing includes a middle and two outer panels. The outer wing attaches to the center through a hinged joint.

Overall, the Tu-22M3 has a length of 42.4 m, a maximum wing span of 34.2 m, and a height of 11.05 m. The maximum empty weight and takeoff weight of the aircraft are 53,500 kg and 126,400 kg, respectively.

The Tupolev Tu-22M3 is equipped with a tricycle landing gear to support operations on unprepared runways. The nose includes twin wheels that are pulled back. Each main landing unit consists of six wheels in a 2 × 3 bogie arrangement. These are pulled directly into the fuselage.

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Specs

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Engine

The Tu-22M3 is powered by two Kuznetsov NK-25 turbofan engines mounted on the body with large air intakes and dual exhausts. Each engine produces a maximum thrust of 25,000 kg and results in better fuel savings.

The Tupolev Tu-22M3 has a cruise speed of 900 km/ h and a maximum speed of 2,300 km/ h. This aircraft can fly at a maximum altitude of 14,000 m and the level of climbing aircraft is 15 m/ s. The operational range of the aircraft is 7,000 km. This aircraft can be equipped with refueling probes to enable refueling in flight for longer distances.

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Cockpit

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Cockpit and Avionics

The Tupolev Tu-22M3 semi-glass cockpit can accommodate four crew members on an ejection seat that leads upwards. This is equipped with a special panel for pilots, navigator-operators and commanders, with entrances provided through individual doors. The pressurized cockpit is equipped with a climate control system.

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Sensor and Radar

The Tupolev Tu-22M3 aircraft is equipped with a PN-A/ PN-AD blasting-navigation radar system, an Argon-2 radar fire control system and a TV-based bomb backup optical sight. Countermeasures are provided by updated radar warning receivers, radio frequency jammers, and defensive countermeasures.

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Engine

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Weapons

The Tupolev Tu-22M3 aircraft has a number of hard points that can be armed with Kh-32 missiles which are sophisticated derivatives of Raduga Kh-22 or US-4 Kitchen Cold War era, Kh-15 or Kh-15P anti-radar missiles, and bombs dropped free FAB-250 or FAB-1500. Wingparts and fuselage and internal weapons chambers are provided with the capacity to carry 24,000 kg of cargo. The aircraft is also armed with a GSH-23 double barrel (23 mm) pistol in the tail tower that is controlled remotely.

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Price

The price of the latest Tupolev Tu-22M3 Strategic Bomber is around US $ 40 Million.

Sunday, 6 October 2019

Tupolev Tu-160 Strategic Bomber Specs, Speed, Cockpit, Price

Tupolev Tu-160 Strategic Bomber Specs, Speed, Cockpit, Price – Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic strategic bomber produced by the joint research company and the Tupolev Moscow aircraft complex and the Kazan-Gorbunov Aircraft Production Association in Tatarstan from 1980 to 1992. The Tu-160 flight test was completed in December 1981 and began operations in April 1987. Production has resumed and a Tu-160 was sent to the Russian Air Force in May 2000. About 35 aircraft were built out of which only 16 were in service in Russia.

The Tu-160 is designated as White Swan because of its maneuverability and anti-flash white finish. The purpose of this aircraft is the delivery of nuclear and conventional weapons deep within the theaters of continental operations. This aircraft is capable of operating in all weather, day and night and can operate at all geographical latitudes. The modern variant of the Tu-160M2 is equipped with the latest generation Russian cruise missiles and a new engine designed by the Kuznetsov Design Bureau, which is reported to significantly expand the range of aircraft.

Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack Strategic Bomber

Tupolev Tu-160 Specs

The Tu-160 bomber airframe has a distinctive appearance, with the wings and fuselage gradually being integrated into a one-part configuration. The fuselage structure is based on titanium beams, twisted boxes all of which are welded. Throughout the entire fuselage, all main fuselage members are secured to titanium beams.

The tapered wings outside variable geometry sweep back from 20 ° to 65 ° to provide high-performance flight characteristics at supersonic and subsonic speeds. Tail surfaces, horizontal and vertical, all intact and all moving.

The Tu-160 uses fly-by-wire control. The aircraft is equipped with a three-strut landing gear, tail wheel and parachute brake. It can attack strategic targets with nuclear and conventional weapons in the theater of continental operations. For take-off, the aircraft requires a 3,050 m concrete runway. The aircraft weighs around 110,000 kg and its maximum take-off weight is 275,000 kg.

Tupolev Tu-160 Engine

The Tupolev Tu-160 is powered by four Kuznetsov NK-321 turbofan engines, each of which provides a maximum thrust of 25,000 kg. The engine is mounted on two pieces under the shoulder of the wing. Air intake combines vertical slices that can be adjusted.

The bomber has a refueling system in flight. In the non-operational position, the refueling probe is pulled into the nose of the aircraft in front of the pilot cabin. The fuel capacity of the aircraft is 160,000 kg.

The maximum speed and cruise speed of the Tupolev Tu-160 are 2,220 km / h and 960 km / h, respectively. This aircraft can ride at a speed of 70 m / sec. The aircraft's distance is 12,300 km. The combat radius is 7,300 km. Service ceiling is 16,000 m. Tu-160 has a flight endurance of 15 hours.

Tupolev Tu-160 Cockpit

Tupolev Tu-160 Cockpit and Avionics

The Tu-160 cockpit can accommodate 4 crew members, consisting of a pilot, co-pilot, a navigator and an operator. All four crews are equipped with zero / zero ejection seats, which gives the crew the option to safely issue all levels of altitude and airspeed, including when the aircraft is parked. All flight data are presented on conventional electro-mechanical indicators and monitors, and not head-up displays or cathode ray tube displays.

Tu-160 flight control is carried out with a control stick as used in fighter aircraft, not a control wheel or yoke normally used on large transport aircraft or bombers.

The Tu-160 avionics system includes an aiming navigation system, integrated flight navigation and control, with navigation and attack radars, an electronic countermeasure system, and automatic control. So that makes this bomber very computerized.

Tupolev Tu-160 Specs

Tupolev Tu-160 Weapons

Tu-160 bombers can carry nuclear and conventional weapons including long-range nuclear missiles. The missiles are housed in multi-station launchers in each of the two arms bays. In addition, the Tu-160 can also be armed with a strategic cruise missile Kh-55MS, which is known in the West by NATO designation and the US code name Kent. Up to 12 Kh-55MS missiles can be carried, six in each bay. The Kh-55MS is driven by a turbofan engine. The maximum distance is 3,000 km, and armed with 200 kt nuclear warheads.

The bay of weapons is also equipped with a launcher for the Kh-15P, which has the name NATO and code name AS-16 Kickback. The Kh-15P Kickback has solid rocket fuel propulsion, which provides a range of up to 200 km. The kickback can be fitted with conventional 250kg warheads or nuclear warheads. This aircraft is also capable of carrying various air bombs with a total weight of up to 40 tons.

Tupolev Tu-160 Price

The price of the Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack Strategic Bomber is around US $ 70 Million. Russian President Vladimir Putin through the Ministry of Defense awarded Tupolev a contract to purchase 50 units of the latest Tu-160M2 variant. The cost of this first contract is 160 billion rubles (nearly US $ 2.8 billion), and sets the first Tu-160M2 shipment in 2023. The last bomber delivery on the first purchase, according to the contract, is scheduled for 2027.

Friday, 4 October 2019

Tupolev Tu-214 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, Price

Tupolev Tu-214 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, Price – The Tupolev Tu-214 is a medium range commercial aircraft designed by Tupolev JSC from Moscow, Russia and produced at the Kazan Aircraft Production Organization (KAPO) in Tatarstan. This aircraft is a development of the Tupolev Tu-204 with higher weight and longer range.

Tupolev Tu-214 was certified in December 2000 against Russian AP-25 standards. The aircraft entered service in May 2001 with the Dalavia Khabarovsk Airline, with scheduled Russian domestic and international routes. The aircraft also entered service with the Russian State Transportation organization. These aircraft are available as first or second class passenger aircraft, combination cargo / passenger aircraft and VIP / VVIP aircraft.

Tupolev Tu-214

Tupolev Tu-214 Specs

Tupolev Tu-214 features many technological innovations such as fly-by-wire control systems, glass cockpit, supercritical wings with winglets, and available with Russian or foreign avionics. The wings and tail are relatively resistant to ice buildup, and therefore the anti-icing system is not equipped. Among the aircraft currently the Tu-214 is the only one that does not require an anti-icing wing system. During the flight the safety test was confirmed without an anti-icing system on the bearing surface and the aircraft obtained Russian and European certificates.

The landing mechanism of the Tu-214 is equipped with a hydraulically retractable tricycle-type landing gear, the nose unit is equipped with twin wheels and the main unit with four wheels. The nosewheel unit pulls forward and the main unit pulls in under the wings and fuselage. The landing gear is equipped with carbon disc brakes.

Tupolev Tu-214 Specs

Tupolev Tu-214 Engine

Tupolev Tu-214 is powered by two Aviadvigatel PS-90A underwing turbofan engines mounted on composite cowlings. Each machine is able to provide 16,000 kg of static thrust at sea level and 17,600 kg with emergency power. The range of aircraft with a full passenger load is 5,650 km.

This aircraft has an integral fuel tank on the wing, in the cargo / luggage room and also in the tailfin. A twist box in the tailfin operates as a fuel tank for automatic center of gravity pruning during flight.

Tupolev Tu-214 Interior

Tupolev Tu-214 Cabin and Cargo

The single base-class cabin configuration of the Tu-214 provides 210 passenger seats in a single 3 × 3 seat aisle arrangement. The two-class arrangement provides 164 seats with 16 business class seats and 148 economy seats.

Meanwhile, cabin configurations for VIP aircraft are tailored to customer needs. The typical layout of the VIP Tu-214 presidential aircraft includes a lounge, a bedroom with en suite bathroom and a sitting area with an office area with business class seating. The Tu-214 VIP has a maximum range of 9,200 km.

The Cargo-Passenger Tu-214 aircraft can carry up to 164 passengers or 25.2 t cargo in 26 standard LD3-46 containers. The aircraft can be converted by airport ground crew from the passenger version to the mixed cargo / passenger version or to all cargo versions in, usually, four or five hours. 18 containers can be loaded in the main passenger cabin and eight containers loaded in the cargo compartment.

The aircraft is equipped with a 3.405 mm x 2.180 mm cargo door and an internal cargo lift for automatic loading and unloading of standard containers mounted under the cargo hold. Cargo containers are sent by the airport loading system to the rear cargo compartment. The aircraft is equipped with a fully automatic container loading system with manual backup.

Tupolev Tu-214 Cockpit

Tupolev Tu-214 Cockpit and Avionics

The Tu-214 cockpit is ergonomically designed that can accommodate 3 crew members, namely pilots, co-pilots, and flight engineers. The fourth seat is available for observers or instructors. This aircraft has a digital triplex fly-by-wire control with triplex analog back-up.

Electronic information and flight systems provide two large color screens and navigation information, CRT displays for pilots and co-pilots. Engine and system data are displayed on two color CRTs on the center panel between pilots.

The Tu-214 aircraft is equipped with a digital and aviation computer system and an integrated navigation system provides automatic navigation and ICAO III-d takeoff and landing.

Tupolev Tu-214 Price and Orders

The price of the latest Tupolev Tu-214 aircraft is around US $ 74 Million. Orders for aircraft have been made by Transaero, Uralskie Airlines, Atlant-Sojuz, and Slovak Airlines.

Wednesday, 2 October 2019

Tupolev Tu-204 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, Price

Tupolev Tu-204 Specs, Interior, Cockpit, Price – The Tupolev Tu-204 is a mid-haul twin-engined, twin-engined commercial aircraft designed and manufactured by the Tupolev Design Bureau, Russia. It was built to replace its predecessor, the Tu-154 trijet. Tu-204 can be used for passenger and cargo transportation. A total of 69 Tu-204 jets are currently in service with various customers throughout the world.

The Tu-204 aircraft has eight variants, namely Tu-204C, Tu-204-100 / 200, Tu-204-120 / 220 / 120C / 220C, Tu-204-300, Tu-204-500, Tu-206, Tu - 214 and Tu-204SM. The Tu-204SM is the latest variant of the Tu-204 which features advanced avionics, auxiliary power units, air conditioners and cabin pressure control systems. His first flight was completed in December 2010.

Tupolev Tu-204

Tupolev Tu-204 Specs

The Tu-204 aircraft was designed in personnel, cargo and combi configurations. This aircraft is equipped with short supercritical aircraft parts and modern wings and winglets. It was built in the company's largest manufacturing plant in Ulianovsk. Around 700 design innovations were introduced by the Tupolev Design Bureau to improve the structural, aerodynamic, and technical performance of the aircraft.

Tupolev Tu-204 Specs

Tupolev Tu-204 Engine

The Tu-204 is powered by two Aviadvigatel PS-90A turbofan engines. Each engine can produce 157 kN of thrust. This is a two-axle bypass turbofan engine equipped with thrust reversers, fans, core air flow and noise-absorbing systems. The length and diameter of the engine are 4.9 m and 1.9 m respectively. The dry weight is 2,950 kg.

This machine is equipped with a second generation sound attenuation system to meet the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) stage 4. PS-90A is also incorporated with a dual channel electronic control and monitoring system that ensures troubleshooting and operation in conditions.

Tu-204 can fly with a maximum speed of 900 km/ hour. Cruise speed of 850 km/ hour. The service range and ceiling are 4,300 km and 12,600 m respectively. This aircraft has around 21,000 kg and its maximum take-off weight is 103,000 kg.

Tupolev Tu-204 Interior

Tupolev Tu-204 Cabin and Interior

The Tu-204 aircraft has a spacious and comfortable cabin with more room for passengers. The cabin can accommodate 210 passengers in a single classroom layout. It can combine 164 to 193 passengers in a two or three class layout. Overall, the cabin has a length of 30.18 m, width 3.57 m and height 2.16 m.

When divided the cabin is divided into two compartments namely Economy Class and Business Class with seating arrangements 3-3 and 2-2 respectively. The compartments are separated by removable screens and curtains. Recessed lights mounted under the trash can provide a stable and comfortable light.

Tupolev Tu-204 Cockpit

Tupolev Tu-204 Cockpit and Avionics

The Tupolev Tu-204 glass cockpit is equipped with six screens to display flight data. The cockpit can accommodate three crew members. Flight control is equipped with a fly-by-wire system, electronic flight instrumentation system, cockpit voice recorder, distance measuring equipment and weather radar.

Tupolev Tu-204 Price and Orders

The price of the latest Tupolev Tu-204 aircraft is around US $ 47 - 50 Million. Tu-204 jet customer orders include: Air China Cargo (4), China Cargo Airlines (2), Palestinian Authority (1), Rossiya (6), Air Korya (2), Transaero (7), Iran Air and Iran Air Tours (5+ 25 Optional), Red Wings (1), Atlants-Soyuz (15), Clean Air (6) and Icaro Air (2+ optional one).

Since 2011, around 51 Tu-204 aircraft have been ordered by 11 customers worldwide to date. A total of 15 aircraft have been sent.